The DailyGalaxy recently featured an article with the dramatic heading “We’re on the Threshold of Unravelling the Biggest Mystery in Modern Physics“. As it turns out this statement originates from Maria Spiropulu. She is professor of Physics at the California Institute of Technology and also works on experiments at the Large Hadron Collider She is also a former fellow at the Enrico Fermi Institute. Professor Spiropulu’s remark refers to the encouraging outcomes of the meeting held in mid-October 2012, when more than 100 cosmologists, particle physicists and astrophysicists got together at the National Academy of Sciences’ Beckman Center in Irvine, California. The theme of the meeting was “Dark Matter Universe: On the Threshold of Discovery“. Their main objective was to overview all the latest theories and findings about dark matter and, once that was done, to assess just how close scientists really were to detecting Dark Matter. Their second objective was to generate cross-disciplinary discussions and collaborations with the specific purpose of resolving the dark matter enigma.
Michael S. Turner – Rauner Distinguished Service Professor and Director of the Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago is quoted as having said: “Figuring out what dark matter is, has become a problem that astrophysicists, cosmologists and particle physicists all want to solve, because dark matter is central to our understanding of the universe. We now have a compelling hypothesis, namely that dark matter is comprised of WIMPs (Weakly Interacting Massive Particle), particles that don’t radiate light and interact rarely with ordinary matter. After decades of trying to figure out how to test the idea that dark matter is made up of WIMPs, we now have three ways to test this hypothesis. Best of all, is that all three methods are closing in on being able to either confirm or falsify the WIMP-hypothesis.”